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IMPORTANT! Do not remove any OSS files if you are upgrading from an earlier Open Sound System version. The upgrade procedure requires that all files from the previous Open Sound System installation are in their place.

You should have three files in this directory:

INSTALL (this file)

oss-install The installation program

oss.pkg A data file containing the software to be installed.

To install the OSS software you should perform the following steps:

1) OSS cant be installed if there is a sound driver already loaded. The easiest way to verify this is to execute cat /dev/sndstat. If it prints out information about sound drivers, it means you have some driver installed.
1)如果在你的系统中已经装载了声卡驱动程序,OSS将不能正常安装。你可以执行 cat /dev/sndstat命令检查你的系统中是否已经安装了声卡驱动程序。如果这个命令打印出一些关于声卡的驱动程序信息,就意味着你安装了声卡驱动程序。

a) If you have earlier version of Open Sound System installed you should unload it using ""soundoff"" before proceeding. However you _DO NOT_ need to remove the existing driver files since the installation automaticly updates (only) the required parts.
a)如果你已经安装了早期版本的OSS,你可以使用soundoff 将OSS从你正在运行的系统中unload掉。但你不能将OSS中的已存在的驱动程序文件面面删掉!因为在升级时,需要这些文件。

b) There is a sound driver compiled in the kernel (not as a loadable module). In this case you have to reconfigure and recompile the kernel so that there is no sound driver included. Dont forget to boot with the newly compiled kernel before proceeding.
This only affects Linux,FreeBSD, SCO OpenServer, UnixWare and BSD/OS versions of OSS.
b)如果你有一个声卡驱动程序编译在内核中,你就必需重新配置再重新编译内核以确保不包含声卡驱动程序。做完后别忘了用新的内核重新引导系统。这一点针对的是Linux,FreeBSD, SCO OpenServer, UnixWare and BSD/OS版本的OSS软件。

In the event that your sound driver is a loadable kernel module,
you should unload the sound module before proceeding with the OSS installation.
Execute ""rmmod sound"" and ensure that the module is not reinstalled during next boot or by kerneld.
The easiest way to do this is to remove all ""sound.o"" files from the subdirectories of /lib/modules.
如果在你的系统中,内核已装载了驱动程序,你必须unload掉这个声卡模块才能安装OSS,执行rmmod sound,然后确认这个模块不会在重新启动时被装入。一种简单的方法就是直接移去/lib/modules中所有sound.o文件。

2) Execute the installation program (./oss-install). This must
be done when logged on as root (dont use ""su""). The installation
procedure is described below.

If you get error ""./oss-install: No such file or directory"" please verify that you are trying to install proper OSS/Linux installation package. There are different packages available for both the ""traditional"" libc/libc5 and the new
glibc/libc6 version (for example RedHat 5.x, SuSE 6.x and later).
如果你在安装的过程中遇到错误:""./oss-install:No such file or directory"",请检查你是否选择了正确的安装包。因为有供不同libary使用的版本。

In Linux its possible that oss-install complains something like
""Error opening terminal: linux"".
在LINUX中,可能会出现oss-install提示象:""Error opening terminal:linux""的错误。

This may happen because there are two different versions of the curses library.

You may also try setting the TERM environment variable to vt100.

3) After installation is complete, you can start the driver by
executing ""soundon"".
To stop the driver use ""soundoff"". These files are found in the directory where OSS is installed and in some systems they can be found in /usr/local/bin.
When you need to change configuration of the driver, you an do it by executing ""soundconf"" in the directory
where you installed OSS (usually /usr/lib/oss).

Selecting the right OSS/Linux installation package (Linux only)

Due to differences between kernel versions there are 8 different
OSS/Linux installation packages downloadable from our web site.4 of them are for systems using the traditional libc and the last 4
ones are for new glibc/libc6 library (RedHat 5.x and later, SuSE 6.x
and later and probably all Linux 2.2.x based distributiins).
对应不同的内核,OSS共有8种不同的安装包以供下载。其中有四种是用于传统的library,其余四种是用于新的glibc/libc6(RedHat 5.x以后版本,SuSE 6.x以后版本以及绝大部分基于linux 2.2.x核心的发行版本。

Linux 2.0.x
This is the ""normal"" version which should be used together with all kernels between 2.0.0 and 2.0.36 compiled with uniprocessor support(the default case).
Linux 2.0.x:标准版本,支持Linux 2.0.0-2.0.36内核(单处理器)。

Linux 2.0.x (SMP)
This package is for Linux 2.0.0 to 2.0.36 kernels compiled with SMP support (SMP=1 uncommented in the kernel Makefile). Use this package only if you have compiled the kernel yourself with SMP support (all Linux distributions install the ""normal"" (non SMP) kernel by default).
Linux 2.0.x(SMP):这个包支持Linux 2.0.0-2.0.36内核(多处理器)。

Linux 2.2.x (SMP)
Linux 2.2.x (UP)
There are two different packages for the latest Linux 2.2.x
kernels. You should select the package depending on the way how the kernel is compiled (this has nothing to do with the number of CPUs on your machine).
Linux 2.2.x(SMP)、Linux 2.2.x(UP):这是两个基于Linux 2.2.x核心的不同安装包。你可以根据核心如何编译而选择(这里并不关心你的机器上有几个CPU)。

For example:

""2.2.0 #2 SMP ..."" means that you should select the SMP version while
""2.2.0 #2 ..."" means that you should select the UP version.
""2.2.0 #2 SMP ...""意思是你选择了SMP版本。
""2.2.0 #2 ...""则表示你选择了UP版本。

Steps performed by the installation program (oss-install)

When executed oss-install performs the necessary steps required to install
Open Sound System. The steps are:

0) Initial compatibility checks are performed. You will be informed if
you should download another installation package of OSS.

1) The program shows the licence agreement. After reading the
agreement, accept it by activating the [Accept] button below the text area.
You can use the arrow up and arrow down keys to scroll the text. Use TAB to
jump between the scroll area and the buttons below it. Press ENTER to
activate the selected (highted lighted) choice.

2) Next the program views release notes of Open Sound System (Readme). After
reading it activate the [Ok] button.

3) The third step is selecting the directory where the Open Sound System
software is installed. The program offers several alternatives but
/usr/lib/oss is the recommended choice.

4) After the above interactive steps the installation program extracts the
software files to the selected directory. It also verifies that the driver
version is compatible with your current kernel version by trying to
load the modules.


On Linux, if there are some kind of kernel version incompatibilities, the
installation program attempts to resolve them by recompiling the ""sndshield""
module. This step succeeds only in systems that meet criterias listed in Readme.
If remompilation fails, you should download new driver version from

5) Finally the configuration program is invoked automaticly (see below).

Running the configuration program (soundconf)

The configuration program is started automaticly after software installation
is complete. You can run it again by executing ""soundconf"" command in the
directory where Open Sound System was installed (/usr/lib/oss in most cases).

When running the configuration for first time, it performs all the necessary
auto-detection steps. You will first be presented with a screen that asks you
if you want to automatically detect Plug-and-Play (PnP) sound cards. Its
safe to proceed to select the [Detect] option by pressing the key and
then pressing the key. The next screen prompts you to select if you
want to detect Non-Plug-and-Play (Non PnP) cards. You should proceed with
caution since the sound drivers will probe all known sound cards and if
there is an IRQ or I/O address conflict, the system can lock up. However,
if youre reasonably sure that there are no hardware conflicts with your
adapters, you can proceed to select the [Detect] option. If you want to
skip this process, select the [Cancel] button by hightlighting the option
on the screen using the key and then pressing .
当你第一次运行配置程序时,将自动完成所有必要的检测工作。首先,将出现一个屏幕提示你是否需要自动检测PNP(即插即用)声卡。建议在按下键时先选择[Detect]选项。然后,将出现一个屏幕提示你是否需要检测Non PNP(非即插即用)声卡。需要注意的是,如果测试到的声卡的IRQ或I/O地址存在冲突,系统将会被死锁。然而如果你确认你的声卡没有冲突,你可以选择[Detect]]。如果你想跳过这个步骤,就选择[Cancel]。

After this the main menu is displayed. Activate the ""Add new card/device"" to
add more cards if more than one of them installed. It will display a list
of devices from which you can choose your sound card. Use the arrow keys
to go up and down the list. Select a card by high-lighting it and pressing
the key.
接着,主菜单被显示。按下""Add new card/device"",可增加声卡。它将显示一个可选列表供您选择。你可用光标键选择。

On some systems, you will be prompted to select the I/O addresses, IRQ and
DMA values for various sound card ports. Once you are done, you can simply
select the [OK] button and get back to the main menu.

If you have multiple sound cards, you can resolve the settings by
selecting the ""Manual Configuration"" option.
如果你拥有多块声卡,你可以通过选择""Manual Configuration""选项来解决。

When you have completed the configuration, save it by activating the
[Save changes and exit] selection. Its important to save the changes
after installing new Open Sound System version even if you made no changes
to the device configuration. Otherwise unnecessary driver modules will be
loaded during soundon.
当你完成了配置工作,就可以按[Save changes and exit]按钮。及时地将这配置保存是十分重要的。否则不必要的声卡驱动模块可能会为soundon调用。

Now you are ready to run Open Sound System by running the soundon command.
To check the status of your drivers, you can type ""cat /dev/sndstat"". This
will give you a detailed listing of all devices configured by OSS and also
information about your license and serial number.
这时候你就可以准备在命令行执行soundon命令来运行OSS了。你可以使用""cat /dev/sndstat""命令来检查你的驱动器的状态。这个命令将给出一个由OSS列出的详细驱动程序配置信息,还有一些OSS的许可协议及序列号。

Should you have any questions, please submit a technical support request by
fillout the form at http://www.4front-tech.com/support.cgi

Copyright (c) 1999, 4Front Technologies. All rights reserved.
Open Sound System
is a trade mark of 4Front Technologies.All other trade marks and copyrights belong
to their respective owners.